The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is a student-centered system for accumulating and transferring credit units, based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes. It aims to facilitate the planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of degrees and learning modules, as well as student mobility. The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is a tool of the European Higher Education Area for making studies and courses more transparent.
ECTS credits are based on the workload, students need to achieve the expected learning outcomes. Learning outcomes describe what the learner is expected to know, understand, and be able to do after the successful completion of the learning process.
The workload consists of the time typically needed for a student to devote to completing all learning activities (such as attending classes, seminars, assignments, internships, independent individual study and exams) that are required to achieve the expected learning outcomes. 60 ECTS credits correspond to the workload of an entire year of formal full-time study (academic year) and the related learning outcomes.
Credits are awarded to students upon completion of the learning activities required by a formal curriculum and the successful evaluation of the learning outcomes achieved. Credits can be accumulated for the purpose of obtaining degrees, as decided by the Institution that grants the title.
Credits granted under one program can be transferred to another program offered by the host institution. This transfer can only be made if the Institution granting the degree recognizes the credits and the related learning outcomes. The partner institutions must agree in advance on the recognition of study periods abroad. More information is provided in the ECTS Guide.